Types of Rodents and their behaviors
Rodents are a species of mammals with a pair of incisors growing unremittingly in their upper and lower jaws. Their sharp teeth are useful in food gnawing, excavations and for defense. They are found worldwide, especially in home environments. The common varieties of rodents are the house rat, Bandicoot, Norway rat and the roof rat.
House rat as the name suggests, is commonly found in houses. They are small in size and with a length range of 2.5 to 3.5 inches and a tail length of about 3 inches. They are well-adapted to survive in homes. The rats can be noticed in houses during winters as they search for warm areas and food.
Roof rats are expert climbers usually found in upper sections of structures. Some are black while others are brown with a pointed nose, big eyes, and ears. By nature, they are nocturnal and like elevated regions. They are omnivorous and mostly like feeding on fruits. They are known for their food hoarding nature.
The Bandicoot rat is naturally gigantic and common in the Southern part of Asia. In length, they are about 40cm, their tail included. These rats are disease vectors thus pose health risks to humans as well as pets. They spread TB, salmonella, and E.coli. With them, they sometimes carry ticks and fleas hence causing acute allergies.
The Norway rat is characterized by a blunt nose, small eyes, and ears. The adult ones weigh averagely 15 oz and are 7-8 inches in length. They have coarse and shaggy furs which vary in color. Norway rats eat almost everything; from plant parts, crayfish, eggs, fungus to the lizards with paws well-adapted for catching fish.
Diseases spread by rodents
Diseases spread by rats can be categorized as those transmitted through getting exposed to their infected urine, droppings, and bites; the other category involve diseases transmitted indirectly through the insects carried by these rats, such as ticks, mites, and fleas. Rats’ bites and urine cause rat fever and leptospirosis respectively. Their droppings and fur are probable sources of allergens; causing sneezing and other reactions. The droppings also contaminate food causing Salmonella.
The diseases that are transmitted by rats indirectly comprise the plague which is spread by fleas and the tick fever from ticks.
Other harmful effects and damages
Rats are a nuisance in homes. At night, they create discomfort through their unnerving sounds. They’ll chew books, cupboards, bricks, clothes and even electric wires. Adverse damages are experienced when their droppings and urine exist in great proportions, causing an awful stink which welcomes other rats.
Rats control measures
The initial step to be taken in a control measure is inspection, sanitation, and elimination. Inspect the presence of rats and identify their locations. This can be done by looking out for their droppings, burrows, urine stains and gnawing damages. Rats’ exclusion entails sealing cracked openings such as the broken basements, broken windows, and warped doors. For the roof, confirm the completion of the sheathing and that the shingles are tight. A clean house keeps away rats; thus ensure the dustbin is emptied regularly, maintain landscaped places, tightly cover garbage containers and enclose food in firmly sealed containers.
The second step involves the rat control measures of setting up baits and traps. Place them on different parts of the house. If the populations of the rats appear to be small, trapping will yield rapid results.
The advantages of hiring a professional pest control company
Without training, homeowners can use elimination techniques incorrectly as they try to eliminate rodents and this may create illness in the family. Therefore, hiring a qualified technician will reduce the level of illness contracted during execution of the control measures.
As homeowners try to get rid of the rodents on their own, they’ll find themselves in many cleaning procedures; having to clear droppings and lifeless rodents. Qualified technicians reduce all messes related to eliminating rodents.
Hiring experts in pest control saves you money. A lot of funds are lost in a bid to eliminate pests with pesticides in cases where the pests might have developed a resistance to the pesticides. The technicians will not effectively eliminate pests but also educate homeowners on better preventive measures.
Knowledge on the type of rats
Rats are often noticed by their signs and are hardly seen. It is, therefore, vital to know the kind of rat present so as to formulate effectual control measures. The Norway rat and the roof rat are the most bothersome rats in California. The Norway can be noticed from the burrows in structure foundations, under wood piles or rubbish and near gardens. For the roof rats, they can be noted by their noisy movements on the roofs, cabinets, ceilings and other elevated areas. They like raised and enclosed spaces.
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